Producers of pulp, mechanical pulp, paper and board
Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA Setúbal Pulp and Paper Mill, Grupo Portucel Soporcel
|24.11.2014 Portucel results for Q32014
Highlights 9M 2014
• Group reaches record paper output and increases sales volume by 3.3%, to 1.147 million tons
• Despite drop in benchmark prices for pulp and paper, turnover held steady in relation to the same period last year, totalling 1,138 million euros
• With free cash flow of € 200.3 million, the Group continues to demonstrate excellent cash generation capacity
• Net debt remains at very conservative levels, with a Net Debt / Ebitda ratio of 0.9.
Highlights 3rd Quarter 2014
• Paper sales reach new high and grow 7.5%
• Turnover up 2.4% to € 390.8 million
• Strong performance in power generation and sales
• Pulp prices stable, but paper prices evolved negatively
• Excellent Q3 cash flow generation to €81.1 million
1. Analysis of Results
9 Months 2014 vs. 9 Months 2013
Against a background of falling pulp and paper prices, the Portucel Group has maintained stable turnover, at € 1,138 million. The robust volume of paper sales recorded over the first 9 months of the year offset the negative impact of falling pulp and paper prices.
In uncoated woodfree (UWF) paper business, despite negative price trends, strong growth in the sale volume resulted in an increase in the value of sales of 1.3%. Paper sales were up by 3.3%, whilst the average price dipped 1.9%. In terms of cut-size, the Group´s price
declined 1.4%, performing better than the A4 B-Copy index, which fell by 2.4%, as a result of the price increase implemented during the second quarter and maintained throughout the third.
As was to be expected, considering the scale of the new capacity coming on to the market, eucalyptus pulp prices in the first nine months of 2014 compare unfavourably with the same period last year, and the PIX BHKP benchmark price in euros was down by 9%. Prices
slipped downwards for the entire first half of 2014, with a reversal in this trend in the last two months, as a result of USD rising against the euro, reflected in a 2.9% rise in the PIX BHKP index from August to September. The Group's sales volume was also down by 6.6%,
as a result of increased incorporation of pulp in paper and the planned production stoppage at the Setúbal pulp mill. In this environment, the reduction in the sales volume combined with lower prices resulted in a drop of around 18% in the value of pulp sales.
In energy, output performed well, growing by 2.2% and standing at 1,783 GWh for the first nine months of 2014. Sales progressed in line with output, standing at 1,627 GWh.
However, sales prices fell by around 2.2%, due essentially to the drop in the ALBm (Arabian Light Breakeven mean) over the period. This overturned the effect of growth in volume, and the Group recorded power sales of approximately € 174 million.
On the cost side, the Group recorded an improvement in personnel expenditure (due fundamentally to adjustment of the estimate for holiday pay and allowances), as well as lower costs for chemicals, in line with developments over the first half. Noteworthy, although wood prices over this period compare poorly with those in the same period in 2013, market conditions have picked up slightly in the last few months, and this trend is expected to continue throughout the end of the year.
In this context, the Group recorded EBITDA of € 238.7 million, down by around 8%, generating an EBITDA / Sales margin of 21%.
Operating income totalled € 164 million, as compared with approximately 183.7 million recorded in the same period last year.
The Group recorded net financial loss of € 24.6 million, up by € 9 million, due essentially to increased borrowing costs, as a result of renegotiation of its debt in 2013. In May 2013, Portucel issued bonds on the international markets with a value of € 350 million, extending
the maturity of its debt and improving its liquidity, but at the same time increasing the associated costs. The worsening in financial results was also due to a substantial reduction in returns from the investment of cash surpluses.
Net income stood at € 133.1 million, representing a reduction of 11.1%. As recorded in the first half, the effective tax rate for the first half was significantly lower than the rate of tax for the first nine months of 2013, thanks to the release of provisions which proved not to be necessary.
3rd Quarter vs 2nd Quarter 2014
Portucel closed the 3rd quarter with growth of 2.4% in turnover, a positive result in view of seasonal factors affecting this period. This growth is explained essentially by a significant increase in paper sales, although energy sales also made a positive contribution to this strong performance.
UWF sales totalled 405 thousand tons, a figure which compares extremely favourably with equivalent quarters, and represents growth of 7.5% over the previous quarter. The increase in sales volume made it possible to offset the drop in average paper prices, and sales grew in value by 3%.
In pulp, after a fairly positive second quarter, the sales volume dropped by 12.3%, although the Group's sales price performed well. This was due in part to an improvement in market prices (the PIX index rose by 0.3% thanks to the positive impact of the EUR/USD exchange rate towards the end of the quarter) and also to an increase in sales on traditional markets in Europe, with more demanding quality standards but also higher returns.
As already mentioned, power business performed well, in terms of both volume and the sales price. Expanding sales were due to increased power generation by the co-generation units at the Figueira da Foz site during the 3rd quarter, whilst output in the 2nd quarter had
been hit by a series of production stoppages. These production stoppages also had a negative effect on the sales price in the 2nd quarter. Over the subsequent months, energy prices improved, benefiting from upward movement in the benchmark index, and from the
strength of the dollar against the euro during September. As a result, sales to the national grid grew by 5.1% and the average sales price rose by 2.9%, meaning that the value of power sales was up by more than 8%.
2. Market Analysis
a) Pulp business
The soft landing observed in the eucalyptus pulp market as from mid-2013 continued into the 3rd quarter of 2014. As reported above, the supply of eucalyptus pulp has grown systematically during 2014, with new capacity coming on to the market as a series of large scale projects in South America move into production, at a faster rate than market demand is able to absorb.
This gradually pushed down market prices over the period, with the quarterly average for the benchmark PIX index for Europe standing at USD 729, as compared to USD 751 in the second quarter, and USD 794 in the third quarter last year. However, especially over the course of
September, this trend was countered by the strength of the dollar against the euro, leading to higher prices in euros.
Another significant development was that, at the end of the 3rd quarter, the price difference between the two fibres in the PIX index - NBSK long fibre and BHKP short fibre - widened to a maximum level of USD 206. This differential is expected to accelerate the effect of fibre substitution, with a positive impact on the price of hardwood pulp.
The Chinese market remains the crucial factor on the demand side. According to PPPC W-100 data, total demand from this market (figures through to August 2014) stood at 10.2 million tons, up by 380 thousand tons (3.9%) in relation to the same period last year. This growth in
demand for pulp has been concentrated essentially in eucalyptus fibre pulp, up by 470 thousand tons, to the detriment of demand for other pulp types, in particular long fibre pulp.
Rising consumption in the Chinese market (+0.9%) has been decisive, offsetting poorer performance in other markets, such as North America (-0.7%) and Western Europe (-1.5%).
The Group's BEKP pulp sales in the 3rd quarter of 2014 stood at 66 thousand tons, down from the figure recorded in the same period in 2013, but at the level which was expected, considering the schedule of maintenance stoppages at its mills.
b) Paper business
Overall, apparent UWF consumption in Europe grew by approximately 1% over the first 9 months of 2014. This growth in apparent demand was sustained by supply from European manufacturers, more than offsetting the reduction in imports. Special attention should be drawn to the performance of UWF printing paper, where the sales volume was up after several years of declining figures.
However, over the course of the third quarter, and after four quarters of consistent growth, consumption cooled off slightly, and this was particularly visible in the slower pace of new orders from European customers.
The European industry recorded a capacity utilization rate of approximately 91%, one percentage point up from the same period in 2013. Throughout the period, order books in the UWF industry were stronger than in 2013, although they fell off towards the end of the third quarter, as a result of the reduction in new orders already mentioned.
In this context, the main market index for UWF prices in Europe (PIX Copy B), which had been on a downwards course since 2012, enjoyed a period of recovery with prices rising in April 2014.
In the US, the sharp reduction in local UWF production capacity failed to offset the drop in demand and booming imports from Asia in down-market segments, with imports rising from 13% to 17% of total North American consumption. As a result, the expected upwards
movement in prices never materialised, and the main benchmark index for the sector (Risi 20lb cut-size, 92 bright) stagnated in relation to the same period in 2013.
In this environment, the Group was able to set a new record for paper sales in the first nine months of the year, boosted by growth of 3% in the sales volume on European markets.
The main engine of growth in volumes sold was once again the Group's premium product range, strengthening its position as the leading European manufacturer of UWF paper, most especially in product segments offering higher value added. The Group's own brands again
recorded growth of 3% worldwide and in Europe. Navigator continued to record impressive growth, up 5% around the world and 6% in Europe, once again achieving levels of penetration and brand recognition unrivalled in the industry.
This momentum in European sales allowed the Group to further expand its share in European markets.
Thanks to the quality of its products and the success of its brands, the Group's prices outperformed the market by up to 3 percentage points in Europe, and 5 percentage points in the United States.
The performance of the world's main economies, and increasingly that of the emerging economies, remains the crucial factor in determining trends on the pulp and paper markets.
The absence of growth in Europe, the fragility of the recovery in the US economy and the economic and political challenges facing the emerging countries contribute to a scenario of uncertainty and volatility in the markets.
The US economy has yet to show clear signs of a solid recovery, and the recently increased strength of the US dollar could hamper the country's growth. A less strong euro may be expected to have a positive impact on European growth which, combined with the retention of recent monetary stimuli, might bring new momentum to this area, serving to counter the growing risks of deflation. In the emerging markets, and especially in China, no strong signs of growth are expected, a situation aggravated by the political and social instability affecting various globe areas, and particularly those where fossil fuels are produced.
Therefore, signs of uncertainty persist around the world, with an inevitable impact on the pulp and paper sector. However, the BEKP pulp market is expected to continue to demonstrate a degree of resilience, not only because of the robust demand in the Chinese market, but also
due to the recent evolution of the euro/dollar exchange rate, which has caused pulp prices in euros to rise. Likewise, the historically high spread between long and short fibre public prices will continue to result in substitution by short fibre in certain paper sectors.
At the same time, expectations of the tissue paper segment remain positive, with interesting levels of growth in the emerging economies such as China, Turkey and Latin America, which should help to maintain a dynamic pulp market.
In the UWF paper market, despite the market cooling off over the quarter, the Group succeeded in maintaining a strong sales volume. Over the months ahead, order books are expected to stay in line with the same period in 2013, albeit with a slight slowdown in paper
demand in the Group's traditional markets.
In this context, the Group will continue to operate at full production capacity, thanks to the perception of the excellent quality of its value proposition, strong penetration and awareness ratings for its own brands, as well as ongoing efforts to expand its markets, as the Group continues to search out new development opportunities consistent with its strict criteria for returns and risk.
(Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA Setúbal Pulp and Paper Mill)
|01.08.2014 Portucel informs on results for the first half of 2014
“Our leadership in the European uncoated woodfree market was again
reaffirmed this semester: we increased our sales volume, improved our
product mix, while our sales price evolved better than the average of
the market. We feel confident that we are well positioned to face any
toughening of market conditions” said Diogo da Silveira, Portucel Chief Executive Officer.
Main Highlights for the First Half of 2014:
-Portucel Group increased the volume of paper sales by 0.7%
-Turnover totalled € 747.2 million, down by 1.2% on H1 2013, reflecting
lower pulp and paper prices
-Paper sales to Europe represent larger share of total and improved
-Group generates free cash flow of € 119.2 million
-Net debt held at very conservative levels
Main Highlights for the Second Quarter of 2014:
-Strong pulp sales volume increase on previous quarter (+25%)
-Paper price increase in Europe starting in April
-Paper sales grow by more than 3% from first to second quarter
-Group's average sales price up 0.4%, despite drop in market index
-Energy sales down around 1%
-Turnover up 4.5% to € 381.8million
-Free cash flow up by approximately € 3.7 million
Analysis of Results
First Half 2014 vs first half 2013
The Portucel Group recorded total turnover for the first half of 2014
of € 747.2 million, down 1.2% on the 1st half of 2012. This reflected
essentially the drop in pulp and paper prices, as well as in the average sales price for electricity. In UWF (uncoated woodfree) paper
business, despite growth of 0.7% in the Group's sales volume, lower
prices held down the value of paper sales, which fell by approximately
1%. But although the average market price was lower than in the 1st
half of 2013, with the A4 B‐copy index down by 2.8%, the Group recorded a reduction of only 1.6% in its average sales price, thanks to
improvement of its product mix, and price rises implemented from April
As expected, the first half proved difficult for the pulp sector, with
new production capacity coming online, in a market where supply already
exceeded demand. Although the impact was less severe than initially
feared, the benchmark price, Pix BHKP, in euros, slumped by 9.1%. In
this adverse market environment, the Group succeeded in maintaining
its sales volume at the same level as in the 1st half of 2013, despite
recording a drop in the value of its pulp sales.
In power generation, output was up by 1.4% from the 1st half of 2013,
totalling 1,170 GWh for the first six months of 2014.
Sales progressed in line with output, standing at 1068 GWh.
However, the sales price fell by around 3%, due essentially to the
reduction in the ALBm index (mean Arabian Light Breakeven), and this
held down turnover from power sales, which stood at € 114 million.
A number of planned stoppages took place over the course of the first
half, at the Cacia pulp mill, on the paper machines and at the
cogeneration plants for the three industrial sites, in Cacia, Figueira
da Foz and Setúbal. Maintenance stoppages also took place at the two
biomass power stations in Cacia and Setúbal.
However, these stoppages had no significant impact on output of pulp,
paper and power over the period.
On the cost side, the Group recorded an improvement in personnel expenditure (due fundamentally to a correction in the estimated cost
of vacation and vacation subsidy), as well as a reduction in the cost
of chemicals and logistic operations for pulp and paper.
Lower power prices were also reflected in the price paid for electricity purchased, resulting in an overall positive balance on these operations.
However, these gains were practically wiped out by rising timber costs
over the first half, due fundamentally to the extremely rainy weather
over the period, which hampered forestry operations.
In this environment of falling prices, the Group recorded EBITDA of
€ 158.2 million, down by around 9.6%, with the EBITDA/Sales margin
standing at 21.2%.
Operating income totalled € 112.3 million, as compared with approximately 124.7 million recorded in the previous year. The Group
recorded net financial loss of € 16.1 million, up by € 8.3 million on
the first half of 2013, due essentially to increased borrowing costs,
as a result of renegotiation of its debt in 2013.
In May 2013, Portucel issued bonds on the international markets with
a value of € 350 million, extending the maturity of its debt and
improving its liquidity, but at the same time increasing the associated costs. The worsening in financial results was also due to a
substantial reduction in returns from the investment of cash surpluses.
Net income stood at € 90.6 million, down by 7.3% on the first half of
As for the first quarter, the effective tax rate for the first half
was significantly lower than the rate of tax for the same period in
2013, standing at 6.2%, thanks to the release of provisions which
proved not to be necessary.
Second quarter 2014 vs first quarter 2014
Portucel closed the second quarter with turnover up 4.5% on the first
quarter. This growth is explained essentially by growth in paper sales,
although pulp business also made a positive, but smaller, contribution.
The volume of paper sales grew by around 3%, which combined with increases in the Group's sales prices from April onwards resulted in
growth in the value of sales. Although the benchmark index (FOEX - A4
B copy) averaged 0.7%, down from the first quarter average, the Group's
average sales price improved.
In pulp, the sales volume was substantially higher than in the first
quarter, growing by 25%. However, the drop in pulp prices meant that
this was not translated into growth in the value of sales.
Business in the power sector was down on the first half, falling around
3% as a result of the reduction in the average sales price for
electricity, as reported above.
As may be expected, developments in the pulp and paper markets will
continue to be decisively influenced by the performance of the world's
leading economies, and increasingly by that of emerging countries.
Despite the continued gradual easing of some of the main concerns and
sources of uncertainty, related in particular to the over‐indebtedness
of outlying countries in the Euro zone, and of the United States, the
world economy has yet to present the clear improvement needed to create an investment‐friendly environment, and thereby reduce unemployment and generate sustained growth. Despite a slight deterioration observed in the 2nd quarter of the year, the BEKP pulp
market has continued to display significant resilience. The healthy
level of demand from the Chinese market is expected to rise further
in the coming months and to remain relatively strong through to the
end of the year, which could make a positive contribution to balancing
the market. Likewise, the price spread between long fibre and short
fibre pulp, which reached an all‐time high, may in the medium term lead
to short fibre being substituted for long fibre.
At the same time, the tissue paper segment is expected to continuing
growing at a moderate pace, especially in the emerging economies such
as China, Turkey and Latin America, which should contribute to
maintaining a dynamic market.
However, a degree of uncertainty as to the future of the Chinese economy and the paper market in general, the start‐up of new pulp
capacity planned for 2015 and 2016 and the evolution of exchange rates
between the real, the Uruguayan peso, the euro and the dollar, are
all factors which may have an impact on the balance of supply and demand in BEKP pulp.
In the UWF market, the Group's order books remain healthy, at the second best level ever recorded, despite signs that the growth observed since the start of year may be slowing. In the months ahead,
market conditions are expected to worsen slightly, due to season factors.
(Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA Setúbal Pulp and Paper Mill)
|19.05.2014 Portucel informs on investment in Cacia mill
Under and for the purposes of Article 248 of the Securities Code, we hereby disclose that, following the application by its subsidiary CelCacia – Celulose de Cacia, S.A. to the Special Regime for Innovation Incentives, Portucel S.A. was notified of the approval of a global package of tax and financial incentives by the Portuguese Agency for Foreign Commerce and Investment (AICEP).
This application aims the expansion of the production capacity of the Cacia pulp mill, with a global estimated investment of 56.3 million euros. The approved incentives include 11.260 million euros of reimbursable financial incentives and 6.756 million euros of tax incentives. The agreement contemplates a realization premium, which corresponds to the conversion of up to 75% of the reimbursable incentive into non-reimbursable incentive, subject to the completion of a certain number of objectives.
The time limit to complete this investment project is June 30th 2015.
(Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA)
|09.11.2012 Portucel informs on results for Q3 2012
Highlights for the first 9 months of 2012 (vs 9 months 2011):
- Turnover grows by 1.2%
- Exports total € 922.7 million
- EBITDA of € 282.8 million
- Net income of € 160.2 million
- Increased share of European paper market
- Net Debt cut by € 118.8 million
- Net Debt / EBITDA ratio improves to 1.0
- The Group now owns the largest nurseries for certified forest plants in Europe
1. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
9 Months of 2012 vs. 9 Months of 2011
In a particularly harsh business environment, marked by a severe economic downturn, the Portucel group’s consolidated turnover grew by 1.2% over the first nine months of 2012, standing at € 1,109.5 million. This growth was achieved on the strength of growing output and sales of uncoated woodfree (UWF) printing and writing paper, and excellent operational performance in the energy sector.
The international economic situation has directly contributed to increased unemployment and caused a downturn in paper consumption. Despite the difficulties this creates, the Group achieved extremely positive performance, with sales growing approximately by 3% in quantity. With the price of paper relatively steady, the value of paper sales increased by also around 3% in relation to the first nine months of 2011.
In bleached eucalyptus pulp (BEKP) business, turnover was down by 18%, due in part to the maintenance stoppage at the Setúbal industrial complex in September and also to the smaller volume of pulp available for sale on the market, as a result of increased paper output, incorporating larger quantities of pulp. In terms of prices, despite a positive trend observed over the year, the average pulp price was lower than for the first nine
months of 2011, with the result that pulp sales recorded a reduction of 20% in value in comparison with the same period last year.
As already mentioned, the energy sector performed well, with power sales to the national grid totalling 1 264 GWh, representing growth over the same period last year of 2.4%.
Although the trend over the year has been positive for some of the production costs, in particular for the cost of raw materials, chemicals and personnel expenditure, this was not enough to offset a significant increase in the cost of electricity and natural gas of almost € 29 million, as well as in logistical costs, meaning that the Group recorded an overall increase in total production costs. The industrial disputes which occurred in September in port operations also had negative consequences for the Group’s logistical costs. We should point out that Portucel is the largest exporter of containerized cargo in the Iberian Peninsula, accounting for some 10% of all containerized and conventional cargo exported through Portuguese ports.
In this context, consolidated EBITDA stood at € 282.8 million, which represents a reduction of 1.8% and an EBITDA / Sales margin of 25.5%, down 0.8 percentage points on the margin recorded in 2011.
Operating results stood at € 213.4 million and compare favourably with the same period in 2011, having been positively influenced by the reversal of provisions of approximately € 9.5 million, as well as by a reduction in the value of depreciation over the period, due to the normal life cycle of the Group’s industrial assets.
The Group recorded negative financial results of € 12.9 million, which compare favourably with the negative results of € 15.3 million recorded in 2011. This improvement was due essentially to a reduction in the Group’s net debt, and to a drop in the respective average borrowing cost, as a consequence of the downward trend in interest rates.
As a result, consolidated net income for the period stood at € 160.2 million, representing an improvement of 11.2% over the previous year.
3rd quarter 2012 vs 2nd quarter 2012
Turnover in the third quarter of 2012 totalled € 366.8 million, down by 5.9% on the previous quarter, due fundamentally to a reduction in pulp and paper sales in quantity. Only energy business recorded positive growth, expanding by around 2%.
In paper business, seasonal factors typically observed in the third quarter had a negative impact on the Group’s sales, which dropped by approximately 8% from the second to the third quarters.
Performance in BEKP pulp was similar, with sales to the market falling by 11%, hit by the maintenance stoppage already referred to and by the slowdown in the pulp market over the course of the third quarter, particularly in July and August.
In terms of operational performance, 3rd quarter EBITDA stood at € 95.7 million, up by 2.3%, although the comparison is influenced by a number of one‐off events which affected the value of EBITDA in the second quarter. The EBITDA / Sales margin stood at 26.1%, representing an improvement of 2.1 percentage points.
Operating results evolved along similar lines, standing at € 72.2 million. The Group recorded net income of € 54.5 million, representing an increase of 2.0%.
2. MARKET ANALYSIS
2.1 UWF Paper
The world market in printing paper has been severely hit by the harsh economic climate, which has necessarily undermined the main consumer markets for these products. The downturn was sharpest in European and North American markets.
Uncoated woodfree paper – encompassing all of the Group’s paper products – was naturally not immune to this situation, with consumption falling by around 4%, both in Europe and the United States. This performance was largely offset by livelier demand from emerging markets, with the result that the negative trend worldwide is estimated at half a percentage point. We should once again draw attention to the resilience of office paper consumption in Europe where, despite rising levels of unemployment and the pressure on
companies to cut costs, the reduction in printing paper as a whole was lowest, at 1.6% in relation to the same period in 2011.
The capacity closures effected by a number of competitors in the sector in 2011, due to falling competitiveness, continued to have a beneficial effect on the market balance, and enabled the industry to operate at 92% of total capacity, both in Europe and the US, up from the figures recorded in 2011.
The US dollar rose strongly against the euro over much of the period, but, nevertheless, ended the third quarter 3% down in relation to the exchange rate recorded at the end of the previous quarter.
Accrued figures for the first nine months show that the Portucel group achieved new record sales. Net paper sale prices were up by 0.3%, in defiance of a reduction of 0.6% in the benchmark index for the sector, Copy B
published by FOEX. This increase was due to improvement in the geographical sales mix and the positive foreign exchange effect.
The Group continued to improve its market penetration in Europe, winning new business in excess of 82 thousand tons and bringing its market share close to 17%.
The Group’s mill brands are, of course, one of the central pillars of its commercial strategy. Its leading brand, Navigator, achieved new sales records around the world, growing by 3.5% over the same period in 2011.
The Group was adversely affected by a rise in logistical costs, resulting from strong inflationary pressures in this sector. However, substantial savings were achieved by significantly increasing direct deliveries to
customers and by cutting total stocks of finished paper and unfinished products by the equivalent of five days’ sales.
2.2 BEKP Pulp
After a first half during which prices rallied, the BEKP pulp market contracted during the 3rd quarter of 2012, bearing out expectations of a slowdown in the sector, due mainly to the seasonal drop in business in the
summer in European markets and the high levels of stocks in the Chinese market.
China continues to be a crucial player in the world pulp market and, despite the slowdown experienced in the summer, it continued to present robust consumption over the course of 2012, with a high level of pulp imports, in line with the figures for 2011. The pulp market appears in fact to be benefitting again from renewed buying activity on the part of the Chinese market, reflected in a wave of announcements of price increases from October onwards, in all markets, for both long and short fibre pulp.
In contrast, the highly complicated economic situation in various Euro Zone countries has caused not only a slowdown in the paper industry but also a certain amount of volatility on the foreign exchanges, which has generated instability in the industry and is unpropitious for any increase in USD prices, such as those recorded in the recent past.
As already mentioned, the Group’s BEKP pulp sales in the first 9 months of 2012 dropped by 20%, caused by a reduction in the quantity of pulp available for sale over the period, due to the maintenance stoppages and also to increased incorporation into paper manufacture.
A breakdown of BEKP pulp sales by paper segment shows that the Group strengthened its position in segments with higher value added, comprising the special papers segment, which accounted for 64% of all sales, as compared to a figure of 58% for the first nine months of 2011.
An analysis of sales by destinations shows that all pulp sales went to European markets, home to manufacturers of higher quality paper where technical demands are more stringent and where the intrinsic qualities of the eucalyptus globulus pulp produced by the Group are more properly valued.
The Group has continued to advance with its investment project in Mozambique consisting, as mentioned in previous reports, of developing a forestry operation and constructing a pulp mill. This is a long term project, which is still at an early stage, and efforts have so far focussed on field work to determine the most suitable eucalyptus varieties, to validate forestry models and to analyze logistical processes. This phase is expected to last a further 3 years, in order to conclude the plantation trials, to test new materials and upscale operations.
Work is also proceeding on identifying alternatives for inbound logistics, for raw materials and other factors of production, as well as outbound logistics, for eucalyptus pulp.
In Portugal, the Group has followed up its investment in modernizing and doubling the capacity of its Espirra nurseries by concluding, in the third quarter, the first phase of the production season for cloned eucalyptus
saplings, which will allow the Group, for the first time in its history, to produce around six million clones. This will make it possible to make better use of the Group’s plantations and to provide high‐quality, certified
genetic materials for Portuguese forestry, with significant benefits for the sector’s yields. With the conclusion of this capital project, the Group now owns the largest nurseries for certified forest plants in Europe, with
annual production capacity of 12 million plants.
Another important objective in the Group’s strategy is centred on certification of forestry management, and here too another important goal was achieved: the Group successfully renewed its forest management certification under the strict FSC and PEFC systems, bearing witness to its efforts and investment in implementing best forestry practise, biodiversity management plans and its plans for preventing and fighting forest fires.
Although this year’s wildfire season is not yet officially over, the results are positive. The resources deployed to prevent and fight forest fires all operated correctly without any accidents, and despite the significantly adverse weather conditions observed, forest losses were kept to a low level. We should stress that the overwhelming majority of the incidents – 85% ‐ to which our resources responded occurred on the property of third parties,
illustrating the support provided to the national forest fire protection system. This summer season once again proved that professional and certified forest management is the best defence against the scourge of wildfires.
At the end of September, interest‐bearing net debt stood at € 390.9 million, down by € 31.9 from year‐end 2011. Cash generation in the first nine months was constrained by the stepping up of our policy for supporting raw material suppliers, by the disbursement of the final payments on capital projects from previous periods and by adoption of a supplier payment policy that takes into account the current difficulties faced in obtaining credit from the banks.
Financial autonomy stood at 52.2% at the end of June and the ratio of Net Debt to EBITDA improved to 1.0.
At 30 September 2012, the Group’s gross long term debt stood at € 357.8 million, and its debt maturing in less than one year at € 380.4 million. This short term debt includes the Portucel 2005/2012 bond issue with a value of € 150 million euros, which will be repaid at the end of October 2012, as well as the Portucel 2005/2013 bond issue with a value of € 200 million, due to be repaid in May 2013. With a cash position of € 248.8 million, undrawn credit facilities of approximately € 80 million, excellent capacity for cash flow generation and the possibility of access to the debt market, the Group enjoys a comfortable level of liquidity, which will allow it to honour its commitments.
5. CAPITAL MARKETS
After a particularly poor second quarter, the leading European stock exchanges rallied over the course of the 3rd quarter. All the main markets recorded positive performance over this period, led by Frankfurt (up 12.5%),
Lisbon (up 10.7%) and Madrid (up 8.5%). However, in the case of the Portuguese and Spanish stock exchanges, the recovery was not enough to offset the losses recorded in the first half of 2012, and the indexes were still
down on the start of the year, by 10% for the IBEX 35 and 5.3% for the PSI20.
Amongst companies in the pulp and paper sector, stock market performance was also fairly positive in the third quarter, in particular for pulp producers in Latin America and for North American manufacturers. This positive performance also extends to the first nine months of 2012.
Portucel shares accompanied the positive trend, rising by 8.3%, from 30 June to 28 September. The share price stood at 2.079€/share at the end of September, which in accrued terms amounted to a gain of 13.1% since the
start of the year. Average daily trading stood at approximately 177 thousand shares.
Most available indicators continue to point to a slowdown in the main world economies and to a continued climate of extreme uncertainty, although the dynamic varies widely between countries and regions. In the more developed economies, structural issues continue to hamper economic growth, whilst the emerging economies continue to enjoy a fairly high level of growth, although still subject to widespread cooling.
In the Euro Zone, economic growth remains limited by strong tensions in the sovereign debt market and the knock‐on effect of a severe contraction in lending to individuals and businesses. Other factors holding back growth include the public spending cuts underway in most European countries and the high level of unemployment in the region.
In the US, the main economic indicators also point to a slowdown and great uncertainties remain as to the fiscal policy for the coming years, which will have to include some degree of budgetary consolidation, and in relation to the political scenario after the presidential elections to be held this year.
A degree of cooling may also be observed in emerging markets, especially in China, as a result of lower demand from the developed economies and a degree of difficulty faced by these markets in evolving from a model of growth sustained almost entirely by exports to one based on internal demand.
In this difficult setting, and despite the resilience shown by the cut‐size paper market in Europe and the positive impact of capacity closures in 2011, as well as the positive evolution in the USD/Euro exchange rate, factors which together have helped to provide some support for the market this year, the outlook for the near future in the markets where the Group operates remains extremely uncertain.
The expected persistence of the economic downturn, with its inevitable impact on employment levels, will continue to drive down paper consumption in the more developed economies, in particular in Europe and the United States, the Group’s main markets.
There is also growing uncertainty as to the future of the pulp market. Whilst the rally in pulp prices in 2012 was one of the factors that helped sustain paper prices, by maintaining strong pressure on non‐integrated producers, the evolution of this market will be an important factor in the Group’s future performance.
As already mentioned, the BEKP pulp market has been sustained by strong demand from Asian markets, in particular China, despite the economic slowdown observed in this region. This demand has been encouraged by capital projects for non‐integrated paper manufacture, especially for tissue paper, and by the policy promoted by the Chinese government of closing obsolete production plants. This positive performance by the Chinese market has offset a more recessive environment in Europe and the US, and if this situation remains
unchanged, it could continue to sustain the pulp market. At the same time, rising costs in the main BEKP producer countries, in particular Brazil, together with the high level of debt of certain manufacturers and the
strong pressure to extract returns from capital‐intensive projects currently underway, could come together to hold up prices.
The start‐up of new pulp mills, expected shortly in Brazil and Uruguay, is a significant sign of the vitality of the sector, but will also serve as a test of the market’s capacity to absorb a substantial increase in the supply of
The Group’s operations may in the short term be affected by labour disputes which have recently disrupted the port sector in Portugal, with damaging consequences for the country’s industry, limiting exports or requiring companies to use more expensive logistical solutions.
Nonetheless, the Group enjoys a healthy order book and continues to operate at full capacity, placing nearly all its output on foreign markets, thanks to wide perception of the quality of its value proposition, excellent market penetration and awareness ratings for its own brands, and ongoing efforts to expand its markets.
(Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA Setúbal Pulp and Paper Mill)
|10.08.2012 Portucel: Results for the first half 2012
Highlights 1st Half 2012 (vs 1st Half 2011):
• Turnover of € 742.7 million
• Exports of € 618 million
• EBITDA of € 187.1 million
• Net profits of € 105.7 million
• Increase in the European paper market share
• Interest‐bearing net debt down by € 59.8 million
• Net Debt / EBITDA ratio of 1.3
1. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
1st Half 2012 vs 1st Half 2011
Turnover generated by the Portucel Group in the first half of 2012 stood at € 742.7 million, representing growth of 0.4% in relation to the first half of 2011, a particularly impressive achievement in the current economic climate. The growing volume of paper sales and excellent performance in energy operations were the factors which contributed positively to this growth.
Paper business over the first half performed well in relation to the same period in the previous year, thanks essentially to growth in the volume of paper sold. Despite contraction in apparent paper consumption in Europe of 3.5%, the Group has successfully maintained a strong level of performance in sales, which grew by approximately 3%. Paper prices held steady, with the benchmark index for the sector, Pix Copy B, edging down by an average of close to 0.5%.
Pulp sales were down by 18.2% on the 1st half of 2011. This was due in part to maintenance stoppages which took place at the Group’s two production centres at the start of the year, and also to the fact that less pulp is available for sale, due to increased integration into paper. In terms of prices, the market benchmark index, the PIX BHKP, presented an upward trend over the first half, but the average level of 567 €/ton was still down by 7.6% on the figure of 614 €/ton recorded in the first half of 2011.
Indicators for the energy sector are also positive, with gross power output up to 936 GWh in the first half of 2012, a growth of almost 4% year on year, thanks to the good performance and stability of the Group’s various power plants, despite the planned stoppages referred to above. Sales of electricity to the national grid totalled 843 GWh, representing growth of more than 5% in relation to the same period in the previous year.
Costs worsened in relation to the 1st half of 2011, mainly due to significant increases in power and natural gas prices, as well as in logistical costs, resulting in an overall rise in the factors of production.
In this context, consolidated EBITDA stood at € 187.1 million, down by 6.1% on the same period in the previous year and representing an EBITDA / Sales margin of 25.2%, down by 1.7 percentage points.
Operating results stood at € 141.2 million and compare favourably with the results for 2011, having been favourably influenced by the reversal of provisions of approximately € 6.5 million, as well as by a reduction in
the value of depreciation over the period, due to the normal life cycle of the Group’s main assets.
Financial results presented a negative figure of € 8.8 million, comparing favourably with the loss of € 9.4 million recorded in 2011. This improvement was due essentially to a reduction in the Group’s net debt. As a result, the consolidated net profit for the period stood at € 105.7 million, representing an improvement of 8.3% over the previous year.
2nd Quarter 2012 vs 1st Quarter 2012
Turnover in the second quarter compares very favourably with that of the first, up by 10.4%. This was due essentially to significant growth in volumes of paper sales, as well as in volumes and prices of pulp sales. Paper sales in the second quarter grew by 10%, with the Group reaching again record sales and a significant increase in its European market share. The gain in market share was made possible by the risen output from the new paper mill in Setúbal, in line with the learning curve, and also by growing recognition and perception
of the quality of the Group’s brands.
Figures for BEKP pulp were similarly positive, with growth in market sales explained in part by the fact that sales in the first quarter were affected by the maintenance stoppages mentioned above. Average pulp prices also performed well, with the benchmark PIX BHKP Index rising by 12.5%.
Despite the positive operational performance, EBITDA for the quarter was hit by a number of non‐recurrent factors, and accordingly held steady in relation to the previous quarter, at € 93.5 million, with an EBITDA / Sales margin of 24.0%.
Operating results were also stable in relation to the previous quarter, standing at € 70.8 million. Net profits totalled € 53.4 million, up by 2.2%.
Most available indicators point to a slowdown in the main world economies and to a continued climate of extreme uncertainty, although the dynamic varies widely between countries and regions. In the more developed economies, structural issues continue to hamper economic growth, whilst the emerging economies continue to enjoy a fairly high level of growth, although still subject to widespread cooling.
In line with the measures set out in the memorandum between Portugal, the European Union, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the Portuguese Government has legislated to reduce the tariffs for electricity produced in co‐generation facilities, from renewable and non‐renewable sources. The Portucel Group has been affected by this change which, in the case of non‐renewable co‐generation, will take effect gradually, as it reaches the end of the guaranteed tariff period for each of its facilities. Further information has been requested from the authorities in the sector in order to gauge the precise extent to which these measures will affect the Group.
In the Euro Zone, economic growth remains limited by strong tensions in the sovereign debt market and the knock‐on effect of a severe contraction in lending to individuals and businesses. Other factors holding back growth include the public spending cuts underway in most European countries and the high level of unemployment in the region. Even in Germany, until now the powerhouse of the region, the export sector is starting to feel the effects of the global slowdown, which means that some economic slowdown may also be
In the US, although the economy is still expanding, estimates of growth are moderate, at slightly more than 2% according to most analysts. The leading business indicators in fact point to a degree of deceleration, caused by the influence of foreign markets and the continuing weakness of the labour market, with a consequent impact on internal consumption. Great uncertainties remains as to the fiscal policy for the coming years, which will have to include some degree of budgetary consolidation, and in relation to the political scenario after the presidential elections to be held this year.
A degree of cooling may also be observed in emerging markets, especially in China, as a result of lower demand from the developed economies.
Despite this difficult environment, the cut‐size paper market in Europe has proved fairly resilient, with demand falling at a very moderate rate considering the present economic situation and in comparison with the
performance of demand for consumer goods in general. This trend in demand, combined with the impact of the significant capacity closures which took place in 2011, whose full effects will only be felt in 2012, the strength of the dollar against the euro and the recovery in pulp prices, which should keep non‐integrated manufacturers under strong pressure, are factors which may help to support the market over the course of 2012.
In the US, the economic outlook, increased consolidation in the sector, reflected in an improved capacity to adjust supply to demand, and the likely increase in paper consumption associated with the presidential campaign due to take place this year, could all help to keep the market buoyant.
Significantly, the Group continues to operate at full capacity, placing almost all its output on foreign markets, thanks to the strong perception of the quality of its value proposition, and the excellent penetration and awareness ratings enjoyed by its own brands.
Despite the economic slowdown in the region, the BEKP pulp market continues to be supported by strong demand from Asia, in particular from China, where demand has been stimulated by investment in nonintegrated paper mills, especially for tissue paper. This positive performance in the Chinese market has served to offset a more recessionary situation in Europe and the US, meaning that expectations point to a certain balance being maintained in the market during 2012. Still, a worsening of business condition may also be
expected in the 3rd quarter of the year, as this is traditionally a cooling‐off period for the paper industry and consumption in the northern hemisphere, and also because of a possible destocking in the Chinese market.
Nonetheless, the surge in supply to be expected as from the end of this year, as new capacity in Brazil and Uruguay comes on line, could disrupt the balance between supply and demand in subsequent years.
(Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA Setúbal Pulp and Paper Mill)
|03.01.2012 Portucel Group strengthens presence in Mozambique
As part of its strategy of exploring opportunities for growth and sustained value creation in the southern hemisphere, the Portucel Group has further strengthened its presence in Mozambique by obtaining a provisional Land Use Permit (DUAT) for an additional area of 182,886 hectares in Manica Province, issued by the Mozambican government (Council of Ministers Resolution of 19 December 2011). This new permit was granted under the agreement in principle reached between the Portucel Group and the Mozambican government in 2008, under which land use rights had already been granted for an area of 173,327 hectares in Zambezia Province. The Group now has at its disposal a total area of approximately 360,000 hectares for eucalyptus plantations and for commercial farming by its employees and local people.
(Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA Setúbal Pulp and Paper Mill)
|19.08.2011 Portucel: Results for the first half 2011
Highlights in relation to 1st half 2010:
• Group turnover grows by 12.6%
• EBITDA of € 199.2 million, up by 11.8%
• Net profit of € 97.6 million, up by 8%
• Net debt down by € 131.3 million
• Net Debt / EBITDA ratio of 1.3
• Increased share in the European paper market
• Sales of premium products still growing and mill brands hit new record
ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
1st Half 2011 vs 1st Half 2010
The Portucel Group recorded consolidated sales in the first half of 2011 of €739.6 million, representing growth of 12.6% over the same period in 2010. This growth resulted from positive performance in the Group’s uncoated woodfree printing and writing paper (UWF paper) business, in terms of both quantities sold and sales prices, and also from growth in energy sales.
Output of UWF paper from the new mill in Setúbal has continued to rise, resulting in an increase in the quantities placed on the market. This growth in sales of UWF paper combined with a recovery in sales prices – the benchmark index for the European market, PIX Copy B, published by Foex, was up by an average of 10.8% on the same period in 2010 – resulted in an increase of approximately 16% in the value of paper sales in relation to the first half of 2010.
Despite increased integration of bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp (BEKP) into production at the new UWF paper mill in Setúbal, as planned, the Group still recorded an increase in pulp sales in relation to the first half of the
previous year, when BEKP output had been hit by difficulties in obtaining supplies of timber for the Group’s plants, due to the adverse weather conditions prevailing at the time, especially in the 1st quarter. However, the
Group’s average sale price dropped slightly in relation to the 1st half of the previous year, in line with the market, resulting in a reduction of around 3.5% in the value of pulp sales.
In the energy segment, sales grew in value by 15.0% thanks to the conclusion, in the second half of 2010, of several projects in this area, with the new facilities now fully operational.
On the costs side, evolution was unfavourable in relation to the same period in 2010, due to rising costs for certain factors of production, in particular chemicals and timber. In the case of timber the situation was aggravated by the need to increase imports, due to a shortfall in supply on the Portuguese market.
Consolidated EBITDA stood at € 199.2 million, up by 11.8% over the same period in 2010, resulting in an EBITDA / Sales margin of 26.9%, slightly down on the 1st half of 2010, reflecting the increase in costs previously mentioned. Operating results were practically unchanged at € 125.3 million. The Group recorded a negative financial result of € 9.4 million, compared with a similarly negative result of € 12.1 million in the first half of 2010. This positive evolution was due essentially to the significant reduction recorded in net debt.
Net consolidated income for the period accordingly totalled € 97.6 million, representing growth of 8.0% over the first half of 2010.
2nd Quarter 2011 vs. 1st Quarter 2011
Despite the slowdown in demand for UWF paper in the European market, especially in the 2nd quarter, the Group has enjoyed continued success in placing its paper, expanding its market share and recording growth in
sales in quantity. This expansion, combined with the slight increase in prices from March onwards, resulted in growth in the value of paper sales of over 6%. Growth in the quantities sold in relation to the 1st quarter was made possible by an increase in the paper output of the new Setúbal paper mill, and by the fact that the production stoppages for mill maintenance took place during the 1st quarter of 2011.
The Group also recorded positive performance in BEKP business, not only in quantities, but also in value, which grew by approximately 11% in the 2nd quarter. The high production of pulp in the 2nd quarter which, combined
with a reduction in stocks, allowed for increase in sales, despite the growth in paper output and the increase resulting in internal consumption of pulp.
Energy sales also performed well, growing by over 4.5% in the quarter.
The Group’s good operating performance is not fully reflected in the value of sales, due to an accounting adjustment between quarters, without any impact on results.
On the cost side, the upward tendency in timber and chemicals costs continued. Costs were also affected by a number of non‐recurrent factors, including the accrual for variable remuneration items.
In this context, EBITDA was down by 8.1% on the previous quarter, and operating results fell by 12.3%. Net income for the quarter totalled € 46.2 million, down by 10.2% on the 1st quarter of the year.
(Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA Setúbal Pulp and Paper Mill)
|22.11.2010 EMGE 2010 Cut-Size Mill and Mill Brand Benchmarking Survey
EMGE's 12th Cut-Size Mill and Mill Brand Benchmarking Survey (2010) sees Mondi's Color Copy rated as the highest performing office paper brand in West Europe, whilst Portucel Soporcel's Navigator has the highest awareness of all brands.
The latest surveys (East & West Europe), conducted annually by EMGE & Company, which involved interviewing 300 merchants, OEM's and OSD's in 23 countries, includes ratings for seven (7) Brand Performance factors and twelve (12) Mill Performance factors.
In the Mill Performance ratings this year, Mondi finished top again, in both East & West Europe.
EMGE & Company are about to release their latest Cut-Size Surveys for 2010, which may be of interest to you and your company in helping you understand your brand's performance and positioning in the market. (EMGE & Co. Ltd)
|20.07.2010 Portucel Soporcel group remains committed to growing sales in the Angolan market
The Portucel Soporcel group is set to show its products at FILDA 2010, the largest trade fair organized in Angola, attracting exhibitors and visitors from a range of sectors. The event is organized by the Angolan Industrial Association from July 20 to 25 and will bring together some 100 Portuguese companies, in a pavilion devoted to Portuguese goods and services, with a floor space of 3,000 m2. (Portucel Empresa Produtora de Pasta e Papel SA )